Crack Cocaine

Crack cocaine, an extremely powerful stimulant made from the chemical cocaine hydrochloride, contains very dangerous and highly addictive properties. Powder cocaine is combined with sodium bicarbonate or ammonia to create crack rocks or flat pieces that look like chips or flakes.

The drug is usually smoked, thus the name comes from the crackling sound it makes when burned.   Some users chemically process crack by melting or cooking the drug down to remove the hydrochloride producing a more pure form, which causes an exhilarating, but dangerous effect.

In the 1980’s crack cocaine became widely popular because of its immediate euphoric effect, as well as the fact that crack was and still is less expensive than powdered cocaine.  Today, crack cocaine is predominately found in inner cities where crime and poverty are prevalent.

While cocaine is known as the rich man’s drug and is usually associated with glamor and money, crack is known as the indignant or poor man’s drug.  The high produced from crack cocaine usually only lasts about ten minutes, but the feeling is so intense that it makes a person instantly want more.  Because of this, crack addiction is generally related to demoralization, violence and crime.

Due to the fact that crack addiction can be far more devastating than powder cocaine, the penalties for crack possession have become much more serious. 

Crack Slang Terms:

  • apple jacks
  • bingers
  • BJs
  • bones
  • boulders
  • cat’s pee
  • crackers
  • fish scales
  • jelly beans
  • pebbles
  • raw
  • rock, rox
  • stones

Crack Cocaine Side Effects:

While the immediate effects of crack cocaine produce feelings of power, control, pleasure, grandiosity, increased energy and euphoria; the user will instantaneously want more of the drug as soon as the effects start wearing off.  A crack addict will experience an overwhelming urge where they have to get another hit, no matter what they have to do to get one.

The psychological effects of crack cocaine are short lived, but the physical effects of the drug can cause serious health problems and even death.  Crack cocaine has a direct affect on the autonomic, as well as the central nervous systems.

When a person smokes crack, the drug mimics neurotransmitters that directly control the body’s nervous systems.  Using crack cocaine for a period of time will actually increase neurotransmitters in the brain causing memory, as well as emotional problems.

Many addicted to crack abuse alcohol simultaneously with the dangerous stimulant.  When alcohol and crack cocaine are present in the body, the liver produces an enzyme called cocaethylene.  This enzyme raises blood pressure and heart rate, producing a more intense crack high that can be lethal.

Some of the side effects associated with crack cocaine include the following:

  • Increased temperature
  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Respiratory problems
  • Chest pains
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Decreased Appetite
  • Euphoria
  • Shortness of breath
  • Increased heart rate
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Paranoia
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Depression
  • Intense cravings for more
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Seizures
  • Stroke

If you or someone you care about needs help with crack cocaine addiction, (800) 290-7150. All calls are confidential.

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